Colonial Germantown Historic District (NRIS 66000678)
Germantown Ave. between Windrim Ave. and Upsal St.,
Pennsylvania. County/parish: Philadelphia.
60 contributing buildings.
1 contributing site.
Added to the National Register of Historic Places
October 15, 1966.
Also known as:
- Independence National Historica
- See Also:Cliveden
- Colonial Germantown Historic District
- The Colonial Germantown Historic District is a designated National Historic Landmark District in the Germantown and Mount Airy neighborhoods of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania along both sides of Germantown Avenue. This road followed an Indian path from the Delaware River just north of Old City Philadelphia, through Germantown, about 6 miles northwest of Center City Philadelphia, and on to Pottstown. Settlement in the Germantown area began, at the invitation of William Penn, in 1683 by Nederlanders and Germans under the leadership of Francis Daniel Pastorius fleeing religious persecution.Colonial Germantown was a leader in religious thought, printing, and education. Important dates in Germantown's early history include:
August 16, 1683, Pastorius arrives in Philadelphia
October 25, 1683, Lots are drawn for land among Pastorius's followers and settlement begins
1688, first American anti-slavery protest published
1690, first paper-mill built in America is built near Germantown
1705, possibly the first portrait painted in oil in America painted by Christopher Witt in Germantown
1708, first Mennonite Meetinghouse in America built in Germantown
1719, first Dunkards in America arrive in Germantown
1743, first Bible printed in America in any European language (in this case German), printed by Christoph Sauer
1760, Germantown Academy founded
1762, invasion of the Paxton Boys
1770, first American book on pedagogy written by Christopher Dock and published in Germantown
October 4, 1777, Battle of Germantown
1793, during the Philadelphia Yellow Fever Epidemic, President Washington and his cabinet move to Germantown
1794, Washington spends two months in Germantown to avoid the heat in Philadelphia
July 20, 1825, General Lafayette visits Germantown
June 6, 1832, railroad from Philadelphia to Germantown opens (read more...)
National Park Service documentation: https://npgallery.nps.gov/AssetDetail/NRIS/66000678