Launch Complex 39 (NRIS 73000568)
Kennedy Space Center,
Florida. County/parish: Brevard.
21 contributing buildings.
2 contributing objects.
Added to the National Register of Historic Places
May 24, 1973.
Part of John F. Kennedy Space Center MPS
Also known as:
- America's First Spaceport
- Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39
- Launch Complex 39 (LC-39) is a rocket launch site at the John F. Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island in Florida, United States. The site and its collection of facilities were originally built for the Apollo program and later modified for the Space Shuttle program.
Launch Complex 39 is composed of three launch pads—39A, 39B and 39C, a Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB), a Crawlerway used by crawler-transporters to carry Mobile Launcher Platforms between the VAB and the pads, Orbiter Processing Facility buildings, a Launch Control Center which contains the firing rooms, a news facility famous for the iconic countdown clock seen in television coverage and photos, and various logistical and operational support buildings.As of 2017, only Launch Pad 39A is active and has been used to launch SpaceX's Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy. Pad 39B is being modified to launch NASA's Space Launch System. A new, smaller pad, 39C was added in 2015 to support smaller launches but has not yet been used.
SpaceX leases Launch Pad 39A from NASA and has modified the pad to support Falcon Heavy launches in 2017 and beyond.NASA began modifying Launch Pad 39B in 2007 to accommodate the now defunct Project Constellation, and is currently preparing it for the Space Launch System with the first launch scheduled for December 2019. Pad C was originally planned for Apollo but never built, and would have been a copy of pads 39A and 39B. A smaller pad designated 39C was constructed from January to June 2015 to accommodate small-class vehicles.NASA launches from LC-39A and 39B have been supervised from the NASA Launch Control Center (LCC), located 3 miles (4.8 km) from the launch pads. LC-39 is one of several launch sites that share radar and tracking services of the Eastern Test Range. (read more...)
National Park Service documentation: https://npgallery.nps.gov/AssetDetail/NRIS/73000568